Growing old is an unavoidable occurrence of everyone’s life. In today’s world, with rising life expectancy and declining fertility rates, there is a major rise in the ageing population. Nearly every country in the world is expected to experience a substantial increase in the proportion of the population aged 60 years or over between 2017 and 2050. By 2050, there will be 2 billion elderly people living on the planet, making up about 20% of the population. As known, the ageing of population has some major social, economic and health consequences. The prevalence of living alone has substantially increased over the years. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 11 million, or 28% of people aged 65 and older, lived alone at the time of the census. Even though living alone does not lead to social isolation, it could be a contributing factor. As a result of living alone, they may experience feelings of loneliness and health consequences like blood pressure, depression, dementia, risks of physical injury due to falls etc. Old age homes, nursing homes and palliative care centres are also on a rise nowadays. But, for some, it is extremely difficult to leave the comfort of their homes and settle at such centres.
A 2011 study of 2,072 nursing home residents in Helsinki, Finland, showed that 9% of nursing home residents suffered from chronic loneliness. Some countries have revised policies and initiatives that aim at the well-being of the elderly population. For example, Singapore has increased the re-employment age to 67. Norway has created many opportunities available to the people to contribute to the society as well as introduced pension reforms. Even the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable development ensures that the SDG are met for all segments of society, at all ages, with a focus on the most vulnerable—including older persons. However, with the advent of technology, the care given to these people should not be limited just old age homes, retirement age revisions or pension reforms. Technology has been growing immensely in the healthcare domain and supportive assistive segments in a very large scale. We are trying to do research around how the elderly population can be made independent in their own homes with constant monitoring and tracking of their daily activities.
PROBLEM STATEMENT : The participating team should come up with implementable solutions that will support the elderly segment.
The team would need to understand the various aspects of this population and devise solutions that would improve their quality of living
as well ensure that proper monitoring is always done to ensure that round the clock services are made available.
The proposed solutions can assist the elderly segment broadly in one of the following ways: